目前通过使用 Windows Deployment Services(WDS) 来部署操作系统的 ITPro 越来越多,大部分 ITPro 使用的都是 WDS 的默认配置,在为 ClientComputer 远程安装时,我们需要先启动计算机,之后出现 PXE 引导并获取到 WDS 引导信息后根据提示按下"F12",之后通过选单选择需要引导的启动映像。

那么我们是否会有这样的需要,现在需要部署一批ClientComputer,能够略过按下"F12"这一步骤自动开始开始网络引导,之后能够自动引导进入指定的启动映像呢?其实 WDS 为我们提供了这个非常有用的功能,就在“启动”配置页中,我们可以为 x86、x64 和 IA64 体系结构配置“默认启动程序”及“默认启动映像”。

下面以 x86体系结构为例,默认情况下“默认启动程序”被配置为"bootx86pxeboot.com",那么当ClientComputer在启动计算机时会出现"F12"的提示,我们只有按下"F12"后才能从网络引导并获取到启动映像的信息。如果修改为"pxeboot.n12"那么结果就变成自动开始网络引导获取到启动映像菜单,此时如果你同时配置了“默认启动映像”,如指定了"Microsoft Windows Vista PE (x86)",那么ClientComputer将会自动开始引导这个 Vista PE。

wdsnbp1

为此,请执行以下步骤:

1、进入 WDS 管理器,选中当前服务器并进入其属性;

2、切换到“启动”配置页;

3、在“默认启动程序”配置项中单击"x86 体系结构"后面的“浏览”,根据实际情况选择 NBP;

4、根据需要在“默认启动映像”配置项中单击"x86 体系结构"后面的“浏览”,根据实际情况指定启动映像。

详细的 NBPs 可参考下表:

NBP Description Architecture Firmware
PXEboot.com(Default) Requires the user to press the F12 key for a PXE boot to continue.x86-based and x64-basedBIOS
PXEboot.n12Does not require pressing F12 and immediately begins a PXE boot.x86-based and x64-basedBIOS
AbortPXE.comBoots the computer by using the next boot item in the BIOS without waiting for a time-out.x86-based and x64-basedBIOS
Hdlscom1.com and Hdlscom2.comCauses computers that do not support firmware console redirection to display "Press space or F12 for network boot," using console redirection to serial port 1 or 2. Users can proceed with the boot process by pressing either key, or they can exit the boot process by not pressing either key.x86-based and x64-based BIOS
Hdlscom1.n12 and Hdlscom2.n12Causes computers that support firmware console redirection will not display the prompt "Press space or F12 for network boot" and the computer will not wait for user input.x86-based and x64-basedBIOS
Bootmgfw.efiThe EFI equivalent for Bootmgr.exe. In EFI, the choice of whether or not to perform a PXE boot is handled within the EFI shell, and not by the NBP.x64-based and Itanium-based EFI
Wdsnbp.com

An NBP developed for Windows Deployment Services that serves the following general purposes:

1. Architecture detection

2. Pending computer scenarios

3. PXE referral cases (including use of Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP) options 66 and 67)

x86-based and x64-basedBIOS
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