在企业中执行批量部署可以有效的降低IT人员个工作量,其诸多优势我就不再复述。但是我们可能会遭遇到这样的场景,企业中的计算机都随机预装OEM版的XP,那么当我们需要重新为这些计算机部署系统时,当然会选择随机的 OEM XP 光盘进行安装部署以保证合法授权,可是在批量部署时必需的一个关键步骤 Sysprep后,OEM XP 的 Mini 安装过程里无论输入 COA 上的序列号还是光盘文件中包含的序列号都替是无效。这个问题困扰了我很长一段时间,最近在 WindowsITPro 论坛上终于有网友回复了那篇老早的帖子,让我在 Microsoft TechNet librar 上找到了最终的答案。

Preserving OEM Pre-Activation when Re-installing Windows XP
Updated: April 20, 2005
By Stephanie Ybarra


Large PC Manufacturers known as Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) have the ability to pre-activate Microsoft® Windows XP software installed on new PCs. As a result, end users are typically not required to activate the software during the set up process by typing in the product key found on the Certificate of Authenticity attached to the PC (COA Key).

In order to reduce a significant source of piracy, Microsoft has disabled online activation for COA Keys that are attached to PCs that have been pre-activated by OEMs. This change should have a minimal impact on licensed users who generally do not use their COA Key to activate the software because it has been pre-activated by the OEM. However, if a licensed end user needs to activate because the OEM pre-activation does not work as expected (e.g., after the replacement of a defective motherboard) they can do so via phone-based activation.

To help minimize the potential impact on licensed users, this whitepaper provides steps licensed end users can take to preserve OEM pre-activation when reinstalling the operating system using any of the four scenarios outlined below (sysprep, OOBEinfo, manual and unattended).

The following product keys should be substituted for XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX in the solutions discussed below.

 
Windows XP Professional 32 bit
 MVF4D-W774K-MC4VM-QY6XY- R38TB
 
Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
 XT67V-GY7FW-GR6FR-WDK2C-8T97J
 
Windows XP Professional x64 bit
 FM634-HJ3QK-6QVTY-RJY4R-XCR9J
 

For any of the solutions outlined below, you can verify that the OEM pre-activation has been preserved by clicking Start -> Run and typing %SYSTEMROOT%\system32\oobe\msoobe.exe /A and then click OK. If the procedure was successful, a message indicating that Windows has already been activated will be displayed.

Note: Instead of implementing any of the solutions outlined below, Volume License customers can use Volume License media to install the same operating system that was licensed from an OEM without acquiring a volume license for a PC being re-imaged. More information about this option is available here under “Re-Imaging Rights”: http://www.microsoft.com/licensing/resources/volbrief.mspx. Because Volume License agreements do not provide a full operating system license, Windows licenses should be acquired as part of the PC purchase from the PC manufacturer.

I. Using “sysprep –reseal –mini” Command
OEM pre-activation can be preserved when Sysprep.exe is run to reseal the system using the –reseal – mini switches by following these steps.

Ensure the following three files are present in the C:\Sysprep folder: sysprep.exe, setupcl.exe, and factory.exe. These files can be found in the deploy.cab which can be downloaded from the Microsoft® download center available at this location:

http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=7A83123D-507B-4095-9D9D-0A195F7B5F69&displaylang=en

Create a file named sysprep.inf using a text editor such as Notepad that contains the information shown below substituting the appropriate product key.

[UserData]
ProductKey =”XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX”

Save the sysprep.inf file in the c:\sysprep\ folder.

Run c:\sysprep –reseal –mini

For more information on the sysprep process, please visit
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/deploy/introductoin.mspx
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/deploy/minisetup.mspx

II. Making changes to the OOBEinfo.ini file
OEM pre-activation can be preserved if changes are made to the OOBEinfo.ini file by ensuring that the %SYSTEMROOT%\system32\oobe\oobeinfo.ini file contains the information shown below but substituting the appropriate product key.

[Version]
ProductKey =”XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX”

III. Manual Install
OEM pre-activation can be preserved when doing a manual installation by inserting the appropriate product key listed above when prompted for a product key by Windows setup. If you run sysprep –reseal –mini following the manual install, you will need to follow the steps outlined in Section I.

IV. Unattended Install
OEM pre-activation can be preserved if you use an unattended answer file (Unattend.txt or Winnt.sif) to automate installation by including the information shown below in the answer file substituting the appropriate product key listed above. If you run sysprep –reseal –mini following an unattended install, you will need to follow the steps outlined in Section I.

[UserData]
ProductKey =”XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX”

For more information on sysprep process, please visit
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/deploy/depovg/depxpii.mspx#EIAA

原文地址:http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457078.aspx

Windows Deployment | 评论(24) | 引用(2) | 阅读(16457)
gOxiA Email Homepage
2008/12/26 09:51
to:yangguo7026,感谢支持和信任!你所描述的 Dell 740 文件我建议,当出现假死时,重新插摆鼠标看看是否会重新识别!建议1、升级BIOS,2、安装最新版的主板驱动。最好能联系Dell!此问题应该是电源管理造成USB接口无法重新导致的。我想应该dell提供解决方案。AMD的问题,我想只能先重新安装系统进行测试。
yangguo7026
2008/12/25 10:47
to: gOxiA windows7的问题已经解决了,后来我换了VPC虚拟机安装能安装上了。谢谢你的解答。你高超的技术让我深深佩服。还有两个问题想请教,这两个问题对我来说都是挺麻烦的,我也很想找出问题的原因。一个问题是,我们公司有一台Dell740电脑,配置还好,出现一个问题。当人不在了时候5分钟屏幕保护,然后10分钟后关掉了显示器电源,这个时间可以设置,但是,每次回来后动一下鼠标本应该是能正常恢复,结果到了登录界面的时候就没有反应了,也不能输入用户名和密码,出于一种假死的状态,我试过把屏幕保护的一些设置改变掉如时间改长一些,但是,还是一样的结果,还有一点是这种情况不是每次都发生,有时是好的,问Dell的技术支持,说是系统电源管理的问题要重装系统。
第二个问题是,有一台兼容机amd双核4000+,1G内存,最近出现一个怪问题,同时运行几个不太占资源的程序,如autocad。excel,world就出现机器很慢,很卡,我查看进程与页面文件,发现,页面文件占用才400兆,是总共的五分之一,cpu占用只有百分之几,看系统日志,事件感觉也没有什么异常,现在彻底没招了,等着装系统,但是又不想装系统,除非万不得已。
这两个疑难杂症,你有什么建议,谢谢
gOxiA Email Homepage
2008/12/22 10:39
to:yangguo7026,目前我们拿到的合法授权的版本是6801,在VPC和实体机中都进行了安装测试,并未发现问题。关于你提到的SATA控制器问题,我记得从Vista开始微软已经内置了SATA的驱动,所以我们不必将磁盘控制前修改为兼容模式。鉴于你使用的测试环境是VMware,我记得VMware使用的两种SCSI模式,尝试进行修改测试,或直接改为虚拟机配置为IDE模式。此外也尝试先升级该软件至最新版本。
yangguo7026
2008/12/22 09:26
to: gOxiA 您好!感谢你不厌其烦的对我的问题解疑,谢谢!我经常来你的博客,看到你调试的Windows7系统非常向往,所以在迅雷上下载了一个window7来,大小好像2G多一点,我都不知道它是第几个版本,反正是英文版。然后我在VMware6.0虚拟机上安装出现了一个问题,本来想把问题截图下来,但是怕提交不上去,所以我想我描述一下。“No Drivers were found.Click Load Driver to provide a mass storage driver for installation.我去网上查询,都说是sata驱动没有,把硬盘改为IDE兼容模式,但是我的电脑是dell740,好像已经设置成兼容模式了(通过dell的800电话支持设置的)。后来我又查询了虚拟机的bios里的设置,好像没有选择IDE兼容模式这项,然后我看了虚拟机的Hard Disk 是SCSI 0:0 以及还有一些高级选项里可以修改为SCSI 0:1 SCSI 0:2等。我不知道我不能顺利安装完成,问题出在哪里?
gOxiA Email Homepage
2008/12/17 21:13
to:yangguo7026,主要检查All User和Default User这两个目录是否存在残留的程序快捷方式.其中Default User目录可以看作是用户配置文件模板,通常我们使用一个账户登录系统进行个性化配置,让后将该用户配置文件复制到Default user目录,那么以后在这台机器上登录的用户都会使用之前配置.配置文件复制的方法是:进入系统属性下的高级配置,通过用户配置文件提供的复制到来实现.注意不能复制当前登录用户的配置文件.此外务必复选配置访问权限添加everyone用户.
yangguo7026
2008/12/17 14:00
to: gOxiA 您好,蓝屏问题已经解决了是驱动原因。谢谢你。还有一个问题想请教,我用雨林木风ghost安装了一个系统,我把雨林木风的所有安装的一些软件都删除了,如qq等,然后创建了一个新用户,现在不知道怎么弄才会让新用户的桌面不会出现qq等图标。是不是要删除C:\Documents and Settings\Default User目录下的NTUSER.DAT文件,我因为又想在以后安装了输入法时把输入法设置在控制面板里设置它应用到其他用户,所以不敢删除这个文件,怕对此有影响,是不是还要更改注册表,我不清楚,请指点,万分感谢!
gOxiA Email Homepage
2008/12/10 20:35
to:yangguo7026,蓝屏的具体信息是什么?建议先剔出加入的驱动进行测似.
yangguo7026
2008/12/10 10:00
to: gOxiA 您好,请教一下封装部署的问题.我在HP一台8510P笔记本上用我以前的封装工具(雨林木风的工具,以前用起来很好用,也封装了很多电脑有兼容机,有dell品牌机)封装,封装完毕后,开始部署,一直都很正常,驱动选择程序也正常运行,然后系统按照常规步骤就要重启,可是重启以后,电脑就蓝屏,试了好多次都不行。不知道为什么。会不会是sata驱动的问题。因为我开始用Hp的系统盘安装的时候没有sata驱动,我用nlite整合了一个驱动进去安装的。
gOxiA Email Homepage
2008/11/06 16:35
to:yangguo7026,得知你解决了这些问题,为此感到高兴!
yangguo7026
2008/11/06 15:53
to: gOxiA
您好,我根据你的指点,终于不出现蓝屏了,太好了,松了一口气!现在就剩下后续一些工作,应该不会有太大的问题了,谢谢你!几个难点都是通过你的点拨解决的,部署时候序列号的自动应答,SP2升级到sp3后的序列号无效,以及蓝屏问题!再次谢谢你!让我从中学到了不少知识。希望以后有问题能得到你的指教,呵呵^_^
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